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Monday, November 26, 2018

The Battle of Little Mountain #kentuckypioneers #kygenealogy

The Battle of Little Mountain 

Estill's DefeatThe Wyandot Indians raided Mt. Sterling on March 20, 1782 and a 14-year-old Jennie Gass was tomahawked and a former slave of Captain James Estill, Monk Estill, was captured. Captain Estill came to Estill's Station about 1779. This area is often called Fort Estill and a historical marker is posted near its location between Berea Road and the Blue Grass Army Depot fence. The Indians interrogated the slave and got an exaggerated version of the number of fighting men at Estills Station which convinced the Indians to put off an assault on the settlement. Two days later, Captain Estill and 26 settlers found the raiding party at Little Mountain near Mt. Sterling and attacked. Captain Estill was killed, and 13 of his fighters were killed or badly wounded. However, during the fight, Monk Estill managed to escape and carried with him one of the wounded white settlers back to the Estills Station. The distance was almost 25 miles. Monk Estill later distinguished himself as a maker of gunpowder and is thought to have mined saltpeter (potassium nitrate), a necessary component of black powder at Peyton Cave. Monk was married three times, and his wives bore 30 children. Later, the son of Captain Estill, Wallace Estill, emancipated Monk because of his service to the family. Although he was no longer their slave, the Estill family did not abandon Monk Estill in his old age. Wallace Estill provided for the former slave until his death in Madison County in 1835. 

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Monday, November 19, 2018

Remember the River Raisin #kentuckypioneers #kygenealogy

Remember the River Raisin and Revenge"
By Jeannette Holland Austin

Raisin RiverWhen American commerce was almost destroyed and American sailors were taken and forced to serve in the British navy, war was declared against Great Britain on June 18, 1812. When the call came for volunteers came to aid the regular army, the quota for Kentucky was 5,500 men, yet 7,000 strong turned out from the mountains and glens, field and farm, from every walk of life, to answer the cause of their country. When 1,500 men were required to join General Hull in his expedition against the savages in the Northwest, 2,000 answered the call, only to learn, after crossing the Ohio, that Hull had cowardly surrendered his army and the whole of Michigan territory to the British, despite the fact that his army numbered nearly double the enemy. For several months, at various times and places, the Kentucky troops did special and efficient service. In January of the succeeding year, Colonel Lewis with from 700 to 1,000 Kentuckians, marched against a combined force of British and Indians at French town on the river Raisin, and drove them from the village. Three days later, General Winchester was told that a large force of the enemy was en route to attack the victors. During a bitter cold night when the precaution of stationing pickets was neglected, early the next morning, 2,000 British and Indians under General Proctor suddenly attacked the camp. The Kentucky riflemen fought stubbornly for hours. Their ammunition ran low, but still they fought. Even when summoned to surrender they refused to lay down their guns until promised that their wounded would be safely guarded and humanely treated. History records how this promise on the part of Proctor was not kept, how the drunken Indians burned and tomahawked the helpless men and officers, until long afterward the rallying cry of the Kentuckians was, "Remember the river Raisin; Raisin and Revenge." At Fort Stephenson, 160 men under Colonel Croghan of Kentucky repulsed Proctor with nearly 4000. When General Isaac Shelby went at the head of the Kentuckians, all felt that he would lead them to victory. It is said that when Commodore Perry wrote, "We have met the enemy and they are ours," after his memorable victory on Lake Erie, that one hundred sharpshooters from Kentucky had aided in the capture. At the battle of the Thames nearly all the American troops were Kentuckians, and that gallant soldier, Colonel Richard M. Johnson, did noble service in the killing of the noted Tecumseh. When Jackson, barricaded behind cotton bales at New Orleans, defeated Pakenham with his veteran forces, more than one fifth of the American soldiers were Kentucky riflemen. 

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Friday, November 16, 2018

Where to Share your Genealogy Posts Now

With all the fanfare of losing viewers at Facebook due to the new algorithims and now the loss of Google+, I am now posting on
This blog can be added to the screen of your phone for easy convenience viewing
Also posting on Mastodon with handle @genealogy 
Mastodon is new to the market and gaining viewers. To those who wish to share genealogy posts, I suggest Mastodon  

Index to Kentucky Wills and Estates

Online Genealogy

Monday, November 12, 2018

Comparing Genealogy Records #kentuckypioneerscom #kygenealogy

Comparing Genealogy Records

Comparing genealogical records to determine how they fit into your ancestor's timeline can be tedious. For example, the mere mention of your ancestor as a witness to a deed may seem trivial. However, it does established his residence in that county for that date. Another vague source is tax digests which are not alphabetical (listed by districts) and difficult to read. But the devil is in the detail. The tax records lists specific lands. Example 202-1/2 acres. That denomination came from a land lottery. So the next step is to search the land lotteries from 1805 to 1832 in Georgia. Almost everybody drew in a land lottery at one time or the other.old roadOld roads. It was free land, so why not? Whether or not they ever took it up is another question. That is where the deed records come in and such new information should send you forthwith to a search of that county's deeds. Also on the Tax Digests are other tracts of lands, names of waterways, names of adjoining neighbors, and (always) the county where the land was located. But wait, we are not finished. At the end of each district is a list of "defaulters". These are persons who did not pay their tax for that year. That could mean that the person died or left the county. Only the deed records in all of the counties where he owned land will provide further data. Remember, during the Indian removals, people were moving on. 

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Monday, November 5, 2018

How to Create Proving Genealogy Resources #kentuckypioneerscom #kygenealogy

How to Create Proving Genealogy Resources

Will of Charles ConwayWhen your genealogical research turns up zero, establishing facts for elusive ancestors is tough. One solution is to research around the facts and thus eliminate persons in that generation. We need to determine who is whoand prepare a family group sheet for that family irregardless of whether or not they are directly related. This process documents a family and eliminates them. First, locate your ancestor's surname in nearby counties and states. Then search court house records -- deeds, wills, tax records, estates, etc. and establish the facts for each person. Next, complete a family group sheet on that family, noting the sources you used. Proceed accordingly on all questionable families, thus identifying each person of the era and location. Third, examine each family group sheet. Look for nicknames. For example, Betsy, b. ca 1757 could be your Elizabeth, b. 1759. Fourth, once everyone is identified you probably have a number of loose persons for whom you need to discover more information. Try to trace that person so that he may be either identified or eliminated; use marriage records, estates, etc. In the earliest pioneering days the eldest son inherited the farm while others went into other acceptable occupations such as physicians, ministers, etc. This took them away from the home place. In other words, erase confusion by identifying and eliminating all families in prescribed areas having your same. 

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