When America declared War on Great Britain on June 18, 1812, a call for volunteers was issued to aid the regular army. Kentucky was given a quota of 5,500 men. Yet when 1,500 men were required to join General Hull in his expedition into the Northwest, 2,000 answered the call. However, after crossing the Ohio River, they learned that Hull had cowardly surrendered his army and the whole of Michigan territory to the British, although his army numbered nearly double the enemy. But this did not deter the Kentuckian. During January of the succeeding year, Colonel Lewis with his 700 to 1000 Kentuckians, marched against a combined force of British and Indians to Frenchtown on the river Raisin and drove them from the village. Three days later, General Winchester was told that a large force of the enemy was en route to attack the victors. As the night was bitter cold, the precaution of stationing pickets was neglected, and they were attacked by 2,000 British and Indians under General Proctor the next morning. The Kentucky riflemen stood their ground, fighting even as ammunition was low, and when summoned to surrender they said that they preferred death and only laid down their arms after being promised that their wounded would be safely guarded and treated humanely. But the British had already proven during the Revolutionary War to be brutal, so the promise was not kept, and the drunken Indians burned and tomahawked the helpless men and officers. Thus, afterwards the rallying cry of the Kentuckians was " Remember the river Raisin: Raisin and Revenge." They got their revence at Fort Stephenson when 160 men under Colonel Croghan of Kentucky repulsed Proctor and his 4,000 troops. When General Isaac Shelby went at the head of the Kentuckians, all were confident that he would lead them to victory. It is said that after the victory of Commodore Perry at Lake Erie, he wrote, "We have met the enemy and they are ours," Floyd Co. KY Genealogy Records
From November to March (1779-1780) the settlers of Kentucky suffered untold anguish from the severity of the weather and the scarcity of food. More pioneers had come into the wilderness the preceding summer and so increased the population which meant that the products of garden, field, and forest were soon exhausted. Deep, unmelting snow covered the land; many families coming by river were caught in the masses of ice, compelled to abandon their primitive boats, and encamp on the frozen shore; while the traveler by land found trails blocked with snow, creeks frozen solid, and the forest desolate. Horses, cattle, and many wild animals froze or died from want of nourishment, while so great was the extremity that the settlers were forced to eat the flesh of the animals that had thus fallen, and for months had to go without bread. In this severe cold, through the deep snow and over the solid ice, there could be little traveling. To secure supplies from elsewhere was impossible; and even when spring began to bring some relief, one bushel of corn brought, in the continental currency, from fifty to one hundred and seventy-five dollars. Complete relief could not come until the seedtime and the harvest home were over. Fleming Co. KY Genealogy Records
In Virginia, the Indians used wampum to trade and white settlers used tobacco as their first currecy. However, Kentuckians used the skins of wild animals as their first currency. As immigrants came into the region, Spanish silver dollars were circulated. Still there was no small change. Thus, our forefathers actually made change by cutting the dollar into four equal parts, each worth twenty-five cents. These were again divided, each part worth twelve and one half cents, called bits. But people were sometimes careless in the work of making change and often cut the dollar into five "quarters,quot; and these wedge-shaped pieces of cut-money were referred to as "sharp shins." Because of this type of cut, silver gradually found its way back to the mint for recoinage, usually at a loss of the last owner. As late as 1806, a business house in Philadelphia received over one hundred pounds of cut silver, brought on by a Kentucky merchant, which was sent on a dray to the United States Mint for recoinage.
Fleming County Genealogy, Wills, Estates, Distributions, Inventories, Guardianships
Fleming County was founded in 1798 and named after Colonel John Fleming, an Indian fighter and early settler to Kentucky. The land was taken from Mason County. The county seat is Flemingsburg and the first court house was constructed with logs.
Indexes to Wills, Estates, Guardianships, Distributions
Book A, 1798 to 1815
Book B, 1816 to 1822
Book C, 1823 to 1829
Book D, 1829 to 1834
Images of Fleming County Wills and Estates, Book A, 1798 to 1816