Daniel Boone, frontiersman
The famous explorer, Daniel Boone (1734-1820) was an American pioneer, woodsman and frontiersman who explored the unsettled regions of the Virginia territory which is know Kentucky. He went into Shawnee territory in 1775 along what is known as "Wilderness Roa" through the Cumberland Gap into the Appalachian Mountains spanning through North Carolina and Tennessee. He founded the village of Boonesborough, Kentucky, probably the first settlement west of the Appalachian mountains, marking a trail for settlers into the 18th century. During the Revolutionary War he served as a militia officer for the Americans an British-aided warriors. Boone was captured by Shawnee warriors in 1778, but escaped and alerted Boonesborough that the Shawnees were planning an attack. Although heavily outnumbered, Americans repulsed the Shawnee warriors in the Siege of Boonesborough. Afterwards, Daniel Boone was elected to the first of his three terms in the Virginia General Assembly during the Revolutionary War, and fought in the Battle of Blue Licks in 1782, one of the last battles of the war, however, a Shawnee victory over the Patriots. Following the war, Boone worked as a surveyor and merchant, but his failed speculations in Kentucky land ventures caused him to fell deeply into debt and to remove to eastern Missouri where he remained for twenty years or so.
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